Cherokee Indians may be defined in a legal, academic or genetic sense. Three legal definitions are used by the federally recognized tribes called Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma, Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians and United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians (UKB). There are also numerous state tribes and local communities, even in such far-flung places as Scotland and the Virgin Islands.
Many Americans have some degree of Cherokee blood, especially if they have an ancestor in the South before 1790. Academic authorities do not agree on the basics of Cherokee history, not even on what the word “Cherokee” means or where it comes from.
The Cherokee DNA Test uses genetic data that comes from a sample of 62 random admixed individuals across the country, most with reported roots in Tennessee, North Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Arkansas and Oklahoma. Samples were provided by participants in DNA Consultants’ Cherokee DNA Project from 2008 to 2014.
It was published in December 2014. Authors Donald N. Yates and Teresa A. Yates presented evidence that many of the female lineages of Cherokee descendants go back to Egyptian, Jewish, Greek and North African origins. The reasons for these “anomalous” types are still being investigated.
Adair, Beamer, Bean, Bell, Blair, Bolling, Boudinot, Bowles, Brown, Bird, Benge, Chisholm, Cooper, Cox, Crittenden, Downing, Duncan, Elliott, Fields, Foreman, Gist, Glass, Grant, Gritts, Guess, Hendricks, Jones, Keys, Lowry, Mayes
McCorkle, Milam, Miller, Moore, Muskrat, Phillips, Procter, Raper, Ridge, Riley, Rogers, Ross, Sanders, Schrimsher, Smith, Starr, Taylor, Thomas, Thompson, Trout, Vann, Ward, Watie, Wilkerson.